South African elections 2024: When will the vote take place and what will be at stake for the ANC?
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President Cyril Ramaphosa says the ANC’s achievements should not be forgotten

South Africa is due for a general election in late May, with some opinion polls suggesting the ruling African National Congress (ANC)’s vote share could fall below 50% for the first time in 30 years.

Increasing criticism of the party, which led the fight against apartheid under the late Nelson Mandela, has seen its approval rating decline, raising the possibility of a coalition government being formed.

When are the elections in South Africa?

On 29 May, South Africa’s approximately 28 million registered voters will have the opportunity to elect their representatives to national and local parliaments.

This will be the seventh democratic general election in the country.

These have been held every five years since 1994, when the white minority rule ended and the ANC took power.

What is at stake for the ANC and what are its policies?

Pressure is mounting on the ANC, now led by President Cyril Ramaphosa.

Stubbornly high unemployment, which reached 32% last year, persistent economic inequality, corruption allegations and frequent power outages have all contributed to its decline in popularity.

High levels of violent crime, with an average of 130 rapes and 80 murders a day in the past three months of 2023, are also undermining trust in authorities.

However, the ANC says it is working to resolve these issues.

He urges people not to throw away the gains made since the end of apartheid. The party claims poverty levels have fallen, more South Africans have decent homes and access to health care has improved.

The ANC has pledged to create millions more jobs over the next five years to boost investment, support the private sector and fight corruption.

What are the DA and EFF opposition parties proposing?

The main opposition party, the Democratic Alliance (DA), said: “The country is in crisis.”

The government wants to liberalize the economy, including moves toward greater privatization.

It promised to create 2 million new jobs, end power outages and “halve the rate of violent crime.”

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DA claims it can save South Africa

To tackle unemployment and inequality, the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF), the third-largest party in parliament, has radical economic solutions.

The party claims the ANC has not remedied the racial economic imbalances caused by apartheid. The plan is to redistribute land to less wealthy people.

The EFF also wants to nationalize mines, banks and other key parts of the economy, arguing that this would mean the country’s wealth would be used for the benefit of the majority of the population.

What about Jacob Zuma and the MK party?

Disgruntled former president Jacob Zuma, who was sacked amid corruption allegations that Mr. Ramaphosa denies and then jailed for failing to comply with court orders, has lent his considerable political weight to the ANC’s new Throw it behind your rival.

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Former president Jacob Zuma is campaigning for the MK party

The uMkhonto we Sizwe (MK) party, which took its name from the ANC’s former armed wing, has added further unpredictability to the race. Mr Zuma’s home province of KwaZulu-Natal is likely to do well.

In his short manifesto, he promised to transform South Africa, including creating 5 million jobs.

Who will be South Africa’s next president?

South Africans don’t vote for president.

Instead, they will elect 400 members of parliament and vote on a new head of state within 30 days of the general election.

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EFF says stronger state control over the economy will create a more just society

As a result, although there is no presidential candidate per se, the leaders of each party will be at the forefront of the national movement and their portraits will appear on the ballot paper.

ANC president ramaphosaD.A. John Steenhuisen and EFF julius malema Everything becomes noticeable.

It is expected that the leader of the party that wins a majority in Congress after the election will become the next president.

How are elections held?

The percentage of seats allocated to each political party in the 400-member Diet is directly related to that party’s vote share.

In 2024, independent candidates will be included for the first time.

This means South Africans will have three votes:

  1. National Assembly: 1 of 200 seats that include only political parties whose names appear on the ballot paper
  2. National Assembly: There is a separate ballot paper for each of the remaining 200 seats, each of the nine states, listing the region’s political parties and independent candidates.
  3. Provincial Council: Council for independent candidates or political parties in local councils.

How is a coalition government formed in South Africa?

The constitution does not specify how a coalition government will be formed.

However, assuming the ANC remains the largest party, smaller groups may informally agree to support the ANC government on a vote-by-vote basis in exchange for some concessions.

Alternatively, at the other end of the spectrum, the ANC could form a formal coalition with some parties, including a written agreement outlining a legislative program and the distribution of ministerial positions.

Any other political party would face the same choice.

However, there is a possibility that the opposition parties will fight together.

In a pre-election deal, a group of political parties led by the DA signed what is known as South Africa’s Multiparty Charter. If the two parties together win more than 50% of the seats, they have already agreed to form a coalition. This contract does not include him EFF.

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