Latest hunger data highlights scope of famine risk in Gaza, Sudan and other regions — Global Issues

According to the latest information World report on food crisisIn 2023, more than one in five people in 59 countries faced severe food insecurity, compared to about one in ten people in 48 countries in 2016.

“When we talk about severe food insecurity, we are talking about hunger severe enough to pose an immediate threat to people’s livelihoods and lives. This is a famine that can lead to famine and widespread death. ” Dominic Version, Director of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, said:FAO) Liaison Office in Geneva.

Thresholds for novel coronavirus infection (COVID-19)

This report – a joint initiative involving FAO, the United Nations World Food Program (WFP) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) – Although the overall proportion of people defined as dangerously food insecure was 1.2 percentage points lower last year than in 2022, the problem has worsened significantly since the COVID-19 crisis. It has been found.

time coronavirus According to the World Report on Food Crisis, at the start of the crisis in late 2019, around one in six people in 55 countries faced alarming levels of food insecurity, but just one year later, five people faced alarming levels of food insecurity. There was one person in

“People are clearly dying of starvation in Gaza.”

The report’s authors note that the food crisis has escalated alarmingly in 2023, citing particular concern for Gaza and Sudan, where “people are clearly dying of hunger” today. Carlo Siri said. United Nations WFP Director of Geneva Office.

After nearly seven months of Israeli shelling, “People are unable to meet even their most basic food needs. They have exhausted all coping mechanisms, including eating animal feed, begging, and selling their possessions to buy food. They are extremely poor, and some are apparently dying of starvation.,Siri said.

The only way to stop hunger is to secure daily food supplies “in the very short term,” WFP officials told reporters in Geneva.

“We have talked about the need to rebuild livelihoods, address root causes, etc. But in the immediate term, like tomorrow, we need to significantly increase food supplies. It means deploying large-scale, consistent food assistance, where staff and supplies can move freely and people can access assistance safely.”

“Hunger is getting closer every day”

Fresh warning for Gaza coincides with repeated dire situation Ratings from respected food insecurity experts It warned that famine could occur “at any time” in the northern region between now and May 2024.

We are getting closer to starvation every day. Malnutrition among children is widespread. We currently estimate that 30 per cent of children under the age of two are acutely malnourished or weakened, and 70 per cent of the population in the north faces catastrophic hunger,” said WFP’s Siri. Ta. “There is reasonable evidence that all three thresholds for hunger – food insecurity, malnutrition and mortality – will be exceeded within the next six weeks.”

crisis in sudan

Regarding Sudan, a UN report noted that 20.3 million people, 42 percent of the population, struggled to find enough food after the conflict erupted in April last year.

this is, More people in the world than any other country face severe food insecurity at an ’emergency’ level. or Stage 4 along the warning scale of the Integrated Food Security Stage Classification. Stage 5 (IPC5) indicates the highest level of danger.

With only a few weeks left until the start of the tree-planting season, humanitarian assistance must be authorized immediately in and across Sudan to avoid further deterioration of the situation, the report’s authors argued.

© WFP/World Relief

WFP and its partner World Relief are providing emergency food in West Darfur.

“What is of great concern to us is that a large proportion of those people depend on agriculture for their livelihoods. “About 50 percent of Sudan’s wheat production comes from the state,” FAO’s Mr. Version said.

“Being able to access people wherever they are is critical.” [that] We provide agricultural inputs on time so they can plant their fields. If they don’t plant, it means they have to be prepared to need massive food aid before the next harvest next year. ”

The report also warned that people in South Sudan, Burkina Faso, Somalia and Mali are likely to endure the worst levels of food insecurity (IPC 5) in 2023.

The report authors note that data was not available for some countries with deep-rooted concerns about food insecurity, such as Ethiopia, while Haiti identified IPC5 from September 2022 to February 2023. It also pointed out that 9,200 people “no longer face these conditions.” for the remainder of 2023.”

around it 36 million people in 39 countries Last year, the level of severe food insecurity in the face of emergencies (IPC4) was 4% higher than in 2022. More than a third of those were in Sudan and Afghanistan.

“Households in this harsh situation face significant food insecurity, which is reflected in high rates of acute malnutrition and excess mortality, or is mitigated through the use of emergency coping strategies.”Food Crisis The World Report on

In addition, approximately 165.5 million people in 41 countries faced severe food insecurity at crisis (IPC 3) levels, and approximately 292 million people in 40 countries fell under IPC 2.

Read our commentary to learn more about hunger and how it is monitored. here.

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