Guterres says climate change measures “cannot fall on the poor” as he launches new initiative to protect vital minerals for clean energy transition

The newly established Panel on Critical Energy Transition Minerals brings together a diverse group of governments, organizations and United Nations agencies to create a series of initiatives to protect environmental and social standards aimed at embedding justice in the energy transition. Develop common and autonomous principles.

A world powered by renewable energy is a world starved for vital minerals.,” Secretary General Antonio Guterres He said this at the launch of the panel.

He continued: For developing countries, this new demand presents a huge opportunity to create new jobs, diversify their economies and dramatically increase revenue, which requires effective management. He emphasized.

The race to net zero cannot trample on the poor,“There is a renewable energy revolution happening, but we have to make sure it happens in a way that moves towards justice,” he said.

Mr. Guterres is announced plans to establish At a panel at the COP28 climate summit in Dubai in early December. It plans to submit its first recommendations ahead of the General Assembly’s high-level week in September.

Rapid increase in demand

As the climate emergency worsens, demand for minerals essential to renewable energy technologies such as solar panels, wind turbines and electric vehicles (EVs) is soaring.

For example, lithium is needed for the production of high-efficiency batteries, electronics, and EVs, and demand is expected to increase by more than 1,500 percent, according to the United Nations Trade and Development (Anctad).

Similar demand increases are expected for nickel, cobalt and copper.

Rising demand could be a major boost in many developing countries, especially in Africa. More than one-fifth of the world’s reserves About more than a dozen metals essential for energy transition.

The basis of the UN response

Mr. Guterres stressed that developing countries cannot be relegated to the bottom of the clean energy value chain, simply as suppliers of basic raw materials.

“No wonder resource-rich developing countries are calling for urgent action to ensure that they and their communities benefit from the production and trade of critical minerals, and that people and nature are protected. It’s not,” he said.

The United Nations Secretary-General offered the United Nations’ full support for the new panel.

This task is extremely complex, but the world can’t wait,” He said.

panel membership

The panel will be co-chaired by South African Ambassador Nosiho Joyce Msakat-Diseko and European Commission Energy Director Ditte Jules Jorgensen.

the Members include: Australia, Botswana, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Namibia, Nigeria, South Africa, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Vietnam, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Alongside the African Union, European Union, United Nations, intergovernmental organizations and non-governmental organizations.

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