UN health agency says antibiotics are being widely overused ‘just in case’ during the coronavirus pandemic — Global Issues

WHO warns that despite only 8% of hospitalized patients, coronavirus The patient also had a bacterial infection that could be treated with antibiotics. Surprisingly, 3 out of 4 people had been given it “just in case.”

During the global pandemic, the United Nations health agency claimed it had never recommended the use of antibiotics to treat COVID-19. who Dr. Margaret Harris, Public Relations Officer;

Viruses, not bacteria

“From the beginning, the advice was very clear that this was a virus. So there wasn’t any guidance or recommendation for clinicians to go in this direction, but perhaps because people were working on something completely new. , I was looking for something that seemed appropriate.”

According to the United Nations health agency, antibiotic use ranges from 33 percent of patients in the Western Pacific region to 83 percent in the Eastern Mediterranean and Africa regions. From 2020 to 2022, prescription volumes decreased over time in Europe and the Americas, but increased in Africa.

last wish

Data compiled by the WHO showed that most antibiotics were given to patients with severe coronavirus infections, at a global average rate of 81%. There was considerable regional variation in the use of antibiotics for mild or moderate infections, with Africa having the highest rate of use at 79%.

Alarmingly, the United Nations agency has found that the most frequently prescribed bacteria-destroying antibiotics around the world are those with a high potential for antimicrobial resistance (AMR). did.

“When a patient needs antibiotics, The benefits often outweigh the risks associated with side effects and antibiotic resistance.. but, If unnecessary, it only brings risk and no benefit.And their use contributes to the emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance,” said Dr. Silvia Bertagnorio, Director of Surveillance, Evidence and Test Strengthening in the WHO’s AMR Division.

no positive impact

A report by the United Nations health agency claims: Antibiotic use ‘did not improve clinical outcomes in patients with COVID-19’.

Rather, their systematic prescribing “may cause harm to people who do not have bacterial infections compared to people who do not receive antibiotics,” the WHO said in a statement.

“These data call for improvements in the rational use of antibiotics to minimize unnecessary adverse effects on patients and populations.”

The findings are based on data from the WHO Global Clinical Platform (COVID-19), a database of anonymous clinical data from patients hospitalized with COVID-19. Data was obtained from 450,000 patients in 65 countries from January 2020 to March 2023.

super bug

Antimicrobial resistance threatens the prevention and treatment of an increasing variety of infectious diseases caused by bacteria, parasites, viruses, and fungi.

This occurs when bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites change over time and become unresponsive to drugs, making the infection harder to treat and increasing the risk of disease spread, severity, and death. Masu. As a result, the medicine becomes ineffective and the infection persists in the body, increasing the risk of infecting others.

Antimicrobial drugs (antibiotics, antiviral drugs, antifungal drugs, antiparasitic drugs, etc.) are medicines used to prevent and treat infectious diseases in humans, animals, and plants. Microorganisms that develop antimicrobial resistance are sometimes called “superbugs.”

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