‘We know the place’: Aid groups in Gaza work with IDF, but still under attack

[MUSIC PLAYING] On April 1, an Israeli drone targeted a convoy of white cars, killing seven World Central Kitchen employees. The group, based in Washington, DC, was coordinating the convoy’s routes with the Israel Defense Forces (IDF). We were working with the Israel Defense Forces in the way we should all do. Like every minute, everyone knew where they were. ” This process is called deconfliction, a wartime security system used by aid groups around the world to help combatants create a list of humanitarian locations to avoid accidental attacks. is. – [NON-ENGLISH SPEECH] More than 200 aid workers have been killed in the war in Gaza, according to the United Nations. In the case of World Central Kitchen (WCK), the IDF argued that the attack was a grave mistake that can be made when fighting an enemy preying on civilians. “WCK coordinated everything precisely with the IDF in advance. This operational misidentification and misclassification was the result of an internal flaw.” But such internal failures are not new. Using visual evidence and internal communications obtained by The Times, we investigated attacks on six aid group operations that used IDF deconfliction systems but came under Israeli artillery fire. These humanitarian organizations are directly related to the Israeli military and come from Western countries, including some of Israel’s strongest allies. Some of their operations were clearly marked. “Our flag. We identify it.” Or in a special area that Israel claims is safe for civilians. It is not clear whether the IDF did not alert the targeting team to the presence of the civilians or decided that it was more important to eliminate the targets. But the pattern of attacks shows that in Israel’s fight against Hamas, even places with all available defenses are not safe from IDF attacks. Israel said it had succeeded in resolving a conflict involving a humanitarian convoy involving thousands of people. In response to questions from the Times, the IDF said it has targeted military targets to dismantle Hamas, but complies with all international legal obligations and has detailed regulations for dealing with sensitive sites. He said that he is introducing. A few weeks before the World Central Kitchen strike, a logistics coordinator for another American aid organization called ANERA returned home after distributing supplies. Moussa Shawa was still wearing his ANERA vest when he was killed in an Israeli airstrike that hit his home. his 6-year-old son Kareem; and several of his neighbors. – [NON-ENGLISH SPEECH] Moussa has worked for ANERA for 13 years and is grateful for the work that keeps his family safe, his wife Dua told the Times. – [NON-ENGLISH SPEECH] ANERA shared emails with the Times showing it repeatedly sent IDF coordinates and photos of staff shelters, including a two-story residential building where Moussa’s family and others had lived since the war began. . Israeli authorities confirmed that the location information was processed on Israeli systems. On March 4, ANERA sent this email in response to a request from the IDF to confirm that warehouses and shelters, including those in Musa, are registered in Israel’s collision avoidance system. However, just four days later, the house was blown down. Visual evidence indicates that it was a surgical attack in a dense residential complex. All were left essentially untouched, except for one, where only the top floor had been destroyed. Munitions experts told the Times that this type of targeted damage points to the possibility of precision air-dropped bombs by Israel. – [NON-ENGLISH SPEECH] In a statement to the Times, the IDF said it targeted Hamas terrorists who took part in the Oct. 7 attack and said it expected military investigators to investigate the attack. ANERA said it had “no information on who, what or why may have been targeted” and said it had no independent knowledge of how the location, which has repeatedly ended conflicts with the IDF, came under attack. He said he is calling for an investigation. Médecins Sans Frontières said that before the attack on Moussa’s home, two staff shelters registered in Israel’s collision avoidance system were set on fire without warning or official explanation. “We have seen tracers heading toward the ocean.” On January 8, a projectile that penetrated the building was fired at the shelter, killing a 5-year-old girl, aid groups said. did. – [NON-ENGLISH SPEECH] Photos show the remains of Israeli tank shells lying outside. In February, an incoming fire caused an explosion at another Médecins Sans Frontières staff shelter, killing two family members. Seven other people, mostly women and children, were injured. Footage of the aftermath shows a large Médecins Sans Frontières flag clearly marking the building. Experts say the entry point for the ammunition and the damage left behind suggest a medium to large caliber weapon was used. Aid groups said the bullet was from an Israeli tank. The IDF previously told British broadcaster Sky News that he was fired after identifying “terrorist activity in the building.” In a statement to the Times, the IDF denied attacking the first shelter on January 8 and said the second incident would be investigated by military investigators. Médecins Sans Frontières refutes allegations of terrorist activity within its facilities, saying attacks on civilian spaces show that no place in Gaza is safe. It is not yet clear to aid groups what went wrong with the collision avoidance system. “This pattern of attacks is either deliberate or shows reckless incompetence.” The exact same question was posed in the British Parliament after another strike and investigated by The Times. On the morning of January 18th, the building was rocked by a huge explosion. The bomb struck a wall surrounding the compound, which was used to house medical staff from the US-based International Rescue Committee and the British organization Medical Aid for the Palestinian People. The logo can be seen on the bedding and luggage in the wreckage. Several people were injured. Six medical workers have been withdrawn from Gaza. Text messages between aid staff and IDF officials reviewed by The Times indicate that the Israeli military was aware of the facility’s location a month before the attack. When the aid workers asked, “Can I take them to this mountain lodge?” Is it still safe? ” The IDF response is yes. The compound had two additional layers of protection. The Times acknowledged that British officials used high-level diplomatic channels to ensure the facility was deconflicted. And it was located in an area that Israel has repeatedly designated as a safe humanitarian zone for civilians. In a U.N. report reviewed by the Times, investigators said the crater and munitions debris likely represented an MK 83, a 1,000-pound bomb made in the United States. So—” British MPs demanded answers. “What kind of investigation is going on? What was the IDF’s response to this? Did HMG confirm targeting authorization for its airstrikes?” After weeks of high-level pressure. “The issue was raised by the foreign minister during talks in Israel last week.” According to the aid group, Israel gave six different and often contradictory explanations. Israel has sometimes said it is “not active in the area.” It also claimed that the bomb was intended to hit targets adjacent to the compound. He also said that what had fallen on the premises was not actually a bomb, but “part of an aircraft fuselage.” The IDF told the Times that it did not attack the location at all on January 18. After the attack on the World Central Kitchen convoy, which sparked global outrage, Israel’s response was much faster and clearer. Israeli authorities have set up a new Humanitarian Coordination Office, removed its commander, and opened new aid access points. But after months of Israel’s war with Hamas… [NON-ENGLISH SPEECH] Questions remain about the extent to which the IDF will continue to fire in areas where aid workers and civilians are present.

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