What you need to know about the collapse of the Scottish Coalition government

Humza Yousaf, Scotland’s first minister, abruptly ended the coalition agreement between his Scottish National Party and the Scottish Greens on Thursday, creating new challenges for a leader whose party has been embroiled in a funding scandal since last year. Brought.

Scottish Government’s decision to ease climate change targets and disagreements within the Union over it transgender rights policytensions between the two parties, which have been jointly governing since August 2021, were rising.

But on Thursday morning, Green Party co-leader Lorna Slater appeared surprised by Mr Yousaf’s decision to break up the coalition. She accused the SNP of “despicable behavior” and added that Mr Yousaf “can no longer be trusted”.

Not so far. The Scottish Conservatives are calling for a motion of no confidence against Yousaf passed by the opposition Scottish Labor Party. I signaled that I would support you., and it could happen next week. However, the vote is about trust in Yousaf, not the government, so even if he loses, the implications are unclear. Generally speaking, the rules make it difficult to force an early election in Scotland that could oust the SNP from government.

For now, the collapse of the coalition means Yousaf will lead a minority government. However, this is not the first time the SNP has ruled as a minority, having also done so after elections in 2007 and 2016. The Scottish Parliament has A more proportional electoral system than the British Parliament. clear purpose It is about representing the diverse needs of the people and encouraging compromise between political parties.

Yousaf said Thursday that he wants to continue cooperating with the Green Party, albeit informally. In the painful aftermath of Thursday’s split, the Green Party announced it would vote against Yousaf in a vote of confidence.

Assuming the government survives, the SNP is two votes short of a majority and will need to work with other parties in the Scottish Parliament to ensure passage of key legislation.

Mr Yousaf said on Thursday that the coalition agreement had “served its purpose” but that the main tension between the SNP and the Greens was now over climate change policy following the government’s decision to rein in its pledges. Ta.

When Nicola Sturgeon was first minister, the Scottish Government made an ambitious commitment to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 75 per cent by 2030 compared to 1990 levels.

but important report An independent commission appointed by the government in March said its goal was toI can’t trust it anymore‘Then last week the SNP announced it was withdrawing its annual target.

Patrick Harvey, co-leader of the Green Party, said he was “angry and disappointed” after the comments, but was in favor of keeping the Coalition in government as it had achieved great results on climate change and other policies. Stated. But the Scottish Greens had planned to give members a vote on whether to remain in the coalition government or leave, but no one knew how that would turn out.

Policy on transgender issues is also controversial, with some Greens dissatisfied with a decision by the Scottish National Health Service to suspend the prescription of puberty blockers and other hormone treatments to minors. there were. This followed an independent review of gender services in the UK by pediatrician Hilary Kass. “Many young people will be concerned about the impact that the decision to stop using puberty blockers will have on their health care.” Gillian McKay saida Green Party member of the Scottish Parliament, added: “Our solidarity must be with them.”

The coalition agreement was struck when Ms Sturgeon was Scotland’s first minister and leader of the SNP, which called for Scottish independence. She resigned last year and her husband Peter Murrell was recently charged with embezzling party funds during his long-time leadership. Ms Sturgeon was arrested and questioned in connection with a similar investigation last year, but she was not charged and she was released.

A police investigation into SNP funding has plunged the party into crisis. Since taking over the leadership, Mr. Yousaf has struggled to assert his authority, with Britain’s main opposition Labor party once dominant in Scotland ahead of a general election scheduled for later this year. Opinion polls show that he is starting a new challenge.

For Mr. Yousaf, who had already faced criticism on a number of issues, his options were narrowing. Faced with the choice of waiting for the outcome of a vote on whether his coalition agreement with the Greens would survive, he decided to take the initiative. “This is leadership,” he told a news conference Thursday after announcing the end of the deal.

Asked by a reporter whether Mr. Yousaf’s approach was, “It’s better to break up than be dumped,” he replied, “Personally, I don’t know.”

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