‘Salt and water’ paves the way for computers that mimic the human brain

Theoretical and experimental physicists have demonstrated that it is possible to build artificial systems that mimic the functioning of the human brain, marking a significant advance in neural computing.

The human brain is a “complex computer system” that scientists have long tried to imitate.

Our brains operate using water and dissolved salt molecules called ions as media, but most current brain-inspired computers rely on traditional solid materials.

Scientists explained that the secret lies in the brain’s synapses, which transmit signals between neurons and send commands to various parts of the body, such as speaking, walking, eating, and thinking.

For the first time, researchers have succeeded in creating tiny neural synapses measuring 150 x 200 micrometers based on water and salt, demonstrating their ability to process complex information that mimics brain function.

“We are effectively simulating neural behavior through a system that uses the same media (salt and water) that the brain uses,” said Dr. said course candidate Tim Camma.

This artificial synapse takes the form of a small channel filled with a water and salt solution, and electrical impulses affect the ions in the solution, reflecting the activity of nerve cells.

“This suggests that channels can be designed to retain and process information for different periods of time, similar to the synaptic mechanisms observed in our brains,” Kamsma said. Stated.

He added: “This is a significant advance in the field of computers, allowing us to not only mimic the communication patterns of the human brain, but also use the medium itself. This will ultimately allow us to more faithfully emulate it. “This could pave the way for highly efficient computing systems.” The amazing abilities of the human brain. ”

The results were published in the scientific journal “Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.”

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