How can Malaysia break carbon lock-in and transition to a clean energy future?

Decarbonizing the economy is essential to achieving net-zero emissions by 2050. To achieve this, countries need to break free of carbon lock-in in accordance with the Paris Agreement. However, emerging economies face difficulties in this regard, mainly due to the persistence of fuel-based infrastructure and institutional resistance.

Malaysia is Southeast Asia’s second largest oil producer, and the fossil fuel energy sector accounts for almost 80% of total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and we analyze what the emerging economy needs to overcome. is a major case study for Breaking away from carbon dependence.

With international authors from the Willy Brandt School of Public Policy’s School of Effective and Innovative Policy Planning (EIPCC): Dr. Andreas Goldso, Professor Raima Eike, and Professor Sylvia Weko. Center for Technology, Strategy and Sustainability (CTSS). Asian School of Business (ASB) (Deborah Yik Kuen Chow, Renato Lima-de-Oliveira, Zhai Gen Tan). and Research Institute for Sustainability (RIFS) (Esther Schuch, Maria Aperge & Jude H. Kurniawa) This truly multinational effort identifies the key factors influencing Malaysia’s energy transition, explores their interactions, and then uses cross-impact balancing (CIB) to develop scenarios. Create a.

The article concludes that structural barriers need to be reduced and concentrated political power dispersed among a more diverse set of actors. This is an important step towards moving away from carbon lock-in, as is the need to introduce a green growth recovery package. Although this study focuses on Malaysia, it aims to contribute to the general understanding of how emerging economies that rely heavily on fossil fuels can overcome carbon lock-in. .

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