How Israel Used US Weapons to Commit War Crimes — A Global Issue
Jadara in northern Gaza has been left in ruins after months of bombing.Credit: WFP/Ali
  • opinion Written by Julia Conley (new york)
  • interpress service

There is just over a week left until the deadline for the Biden administration to certify that Israel’s use of US-supplied weapons complies with domestic and international law. amnesty international The United States has submitted a report to the federal government detailing how American bombs and other weapons were used in attacks on Israel that could constitute war crimes.

White House, Said Human rights organizations must notify Congress that: Israel By May 8, Israel had violated humanitarian law as part of the National Security Memorandum on Safeguards and Accountability for Transferred Defense Articles and Services (NSM-20) process, and had declared a Weapons transfers must be halted immediately.”

amnesty international report It highlights several attacks on civilian infrastructure in which Israel has used bombs and other weapons made by American companies, including Boeing, and practices used by the Israeli government and the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) since the start of the shelling. . Gaza in October in retaliation for a Hamas-led attack.

Four of the IDF attacks were RaphaIsrael has reportedly forcibly relocated more than 1 million Palestinians to southern cities and is preparing for a ground offensive after months of airstrikes.

Four airstrikes in December and January killed at least 95 people, including 42 children, despite repeated claims by the US and Israel that the IDF was targeting Hamas fighters. One civilian was killed.

“The evidence is clear and overwhelming: The Israeli government is using American weapons in violation of international humanitarian law and human rights law, and in violation of U.S. law and policy.”

Amnesty International said: “In all four attacks, there is no indication that the residential buildings attacked could be considered legitimate military targets or that the people inside were military targets, and that these attacks were not aimed at civilians. and raised concerns that it was a direct attack on civilian goods.” Therefore, it must be investigated as a war crime. ”

The airstrikes, including the attack on the five-story building where the Nofal family lives, were carried out using GBU-39 small-diameter bombs manufactured in the United States by Boeing.

“The evidence is clear and overwhelming: The Israeli government is using U.S.-made weapons in ways that violate international humanitarian law and human rights law and are inconsistent with U.S. law and policy.” Said Amanda Klasing, Amnesty International’s National Director of U.S. Government Relations. “In order to comply with U.S. law and policy, the United States must immediately halt arms transfers to the Israeli government.”

Satellite images examined by Amnesty International’s weapons experts and remote sensing analysts show that Boeing was a joint direct strike aircraft used in “two deadly and illegal airstrikes against homes inhabited by Palestinian civilians” in October 2023. It was also a manufacturer of weapons (JDAM).

These attacks left 43 civilians dead, nearly half of them children.

Other patterns of Israeli attacks on Gaza include: 24-hour mass evacuation notice In the early stages of the current expansion, more than 1.1 million people in Gaza City and northern Gaza were ordered to move to the southern part of the enclave. The use of indiscriminate attacks by both American and Israeli-made weapons. the use of arbitrary “administrative detention”;and its denial humanitarian aidAmnesty International said, both demonstrate that the Biden administration’s continued material support to the IDF violates U.S. and international law.

as Progressives in the US Congress Section 620I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 USC 2378-1) warns that the federal government is prohibited from providing military assistance to a country that obstructs U.S. humanitarian assistance.

On October 9, 2023, Israeli Defense Minister Yoav Gallant announced a “total siege” of Gaza, with no access to “electricity, food, water, or gas,” resulting in the enclave providing medical care to tens of thousands of people. The necessary equipment was taken away. Not only those injured in Israeli attacks; pregnant women and newbornsthe elderly, and people facing chronic illnesses.

Amnesty International said 2.3 million Palestinians in the Gaza Strip were at risk of “state-engineered famine”, with dozens of people, including children, already starving to death.

“The Biden administration insists that the Israeli government is not violating international humanitarian law with U.S.-supplied weapons, even though our research shows otherwise and international law experts disagree. It’s shocking that it continues,” Krasing said.

“The International Court of Justice has determined that there is a reasonable risk of genocide in Gaza and has ordered interim measures. Weapons transfers must be stopped immediately.”

The report was released days after Biden signed a military aid package including an additional $17 billion for the Israel Defense Forces, after approving multiple arms transfers to Israel since October.

Ahead of NSM-20’s May 8 deadline, a coalition of more than 90 lawyers, including at least 20 working for the Biden administration, was launched. preparing to send a letter He warned Attorney General Merrick Garland that Israel’s actions in Gaza could violate the Arms Export Control Act, the Leahy Act, and the Geneva Conventions against unreasonable attacks on civilians.

As a Biden administration spokesperson has repeatedly said, Said The letter is the latest sign of growing opposition within the administration regarding Gaza, although the White House has publicly stated that it does not accept claims that Israel has violated international humanitarian law and that the United States has been complicit in it. It’s just a symptom.

Recent US officials Said Secretary of State Antony Blinken said in an internal memo that Israel’s continued insistence that it complies with international law lacks credibility.

“This is a moment in time when the U.S. government is violating its own laws and policies,” said Justice Department officials who signed the new letter. Saidpolitiko. “The administration may be silent or only see a few resignations, but it doesn’t really realize the magnitude of the dissatisfaction and dissent among the general public.”

julia conley I am a staff writer at Common Dreams.

sauce: Common dreams

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