Orangutans treat wounds with medicinal plants

Naturalists in Europe and Indonesia have discovered the first evidence that orangutans were treating wounds with a botanical “ointment” used in traditional medicine to combat inflammation and pain.

“While observing orangutans, we noticed that a male named Lakos had a scar on his face from a fight with another monkey,” said Isabella Romer, a researcher at the Institute for Animal Behavior in Germany. Three days later, Lakos started chewing on the leaves of a plant called Fibraurea.” Treat the wound with tintria. This plant is widely used in traditional medicine in Southeast Asia due to its analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties.

Scientists made the discovery while observing orangutans living in Indonesia’s Gunung Rezah National Park in northern Sumatra. The park is home to one of the remaining habitats of the endangered Sumatran orangutan, and ecologists and primatologists have been actively working to protect it for decades.

Scientists monitoring local monkeys have discovered that orangutans use the leaves of a climbing plant called Fibraurea tinctoria, which grows in the forests of India, the Indochina Islands, and other parts of Southeast Asia, as a raw material for making painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs. I discovered that I am using it. – Inflammatory drugs. “Saint”, orangutans rarely eat the leaves or fruits of this plant, but after an injury, Lakos sought it out and chewed on its leaves, treating damaged facial tissues with the chewed biomass.

Scientists found that this process accelerated the healing of Lakos’ wounds and prevented the development of infection, as the wounds fully healed after one week and the effect disappeared after two weeks.

But where did Lacus learn this skill? This is something that natural scientists cannot yet determine. This is because many Sumatran orangutans were brought to Lesser Gunung from different regions of Indochina.

“The first mention of such practices in human societies dates back to the 3rd millennium BC,” says researcher Karolina Chopri from the Institute of Animal Behavior. “The existence of the ability to treat wounds with a variety of compounds, not only in humans but also in some higher primates, suggests that our common ancestor may have had the ability to determine the healing properties of plants. It shows that there is a high level of sexuality.”

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