General Assembly discusses Russia’s veto of space arms race resolution — Global Issues

Due to Russia’s negative vote, security councilfailed to hire Last month’s document received 13 votes in favor, with China abstaining. The resolution was introduced by the United States and Japan and co-sponsored by more than 60 countries.

Deputy Speaker of Parliament Ahmad Faisal Muhammad opened the debate by reading a message from Dennis Francis, President of the General Assembly.

Mr. Francisco expressed concern about the Council’s inability to reach agreement on dealing with weapons of mass destruction in outer space.

“Outer space does not belong to individual nations. Its peaceful and sustainable use must be a place of peace and cooperation, not subject to state appropriation. “In the interests and interests of all countries,” he said.

The militarization of outer space is a very worrying trend. In addition to further deepening mistrust and division, this will inevitably threaten life on Earth and could have devastating consequences. ”

clear prohibition

The Speaker of Parliament emphasized that: 1967 Outer Space Treaty It “unequivocally prohibits” states parties from installing, installing or stationing spacecraft carrying nuclear weapons or other weapons of mass destruction in orbit around the Earth or elsewhere in space.

He called on all Member States to support the United Nations in upholding its non-proliferation objectives, both on Earth and in space. It called on countries to take all necessary measures to “keep space weapons free.”

This discussion was held as part of the General Assembly’s mission. Resolution 76/262 discuss Situations involving a Security Council veto Within 10 days after use.

The veto is a unique voting right held by the five permanent members of the Security Council: China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. If any of these countries vote against it, the resolution or decision automatically fails.

Video feed of the general meeting.

Russia: serious legal questions

Vasily Neventsia, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Russiaexplained why his delegation voted against the U.S. resolution.

united nations

Ambassador of the Russian Federation Vasily Nebenzia addressed the plenary session of the United Nations General Assembly on the use of the veto to withdraw a resolution aimed at banning the introduction of weapons into outer space.

He said that despite its “beautiful-sounding title”, the document fails to refer to the declared goals because they are already covered by existing international agreements, adding that the resolution He expressed concern that this could have had a “far-reaching impact” on the disarmament process.

“During the negotiations on this draft, we tried in vain to get answers from the authors as to why they would use the Security Council to reaffirm existing international obligations in the field of space exploration. ” he said.

He referred to the 1967 Outer Space Treaty, which explicitly prohibits the installation of weapons of mass destruction in outer space, and suggested that discussions on this topic should take place in a specialized forum that includes all members of the General Assembly.

Ambassador Nebenzia criticized the draft for attempting to introduce new restrictions through the Security Council that had not been set out in any international instrument, including the 1967 Convention, and said that these new restrictions “are not legal”. This raises serious doubts from this point of view.

“It is unacceptable to impose such obligations without prior, professional, legal and technical discussions,” he said.

EU: Concerns about hostile activities

Hedda Samson, Ambassador and Deputy Head of Delegation to the European Union (EU)In response to Russia’s veto, he emphasized that Russia is not exempt from its obligations under international law. united nations charter1967 Convention and International Humanitarian Law.

Ambassador and Deputy Head of Delegation of the European Union, Hedda Samson, spoke at the plenary session of the United Nations General Assembly on Russia's use of its veto to override a draft resolution aimed at banning the introduction of weapons into outer space. gave a speech.

united nations

Ambassador and Deputy Head of Delegation of the European Union, Hedda Samson, spoke at the plenary session of the United Nations General Assembly on Russia’s use of its veto to override a draft resolution aimed at banning the introduction of weapons into outer space. gave a speech.

She will strengthen space security, given that all countries increasingly rely on in-orbit and beyond-orbit systems to address climate change, disaster management and sustainable development. I emphasized the importance of this.

“The growing challenges and threats to our common security from space merit our utmost attention, including at Security Council level,” she added.

Finally, Ambassador Samson also expressed the bloc’s concern over the increase in unfriendly and hostile activities in outer space.

“In this regard, the European Union endorses a safe, secure and sustainable outer space environment and peaceful use of outer space, based on fair and mutually acceptable standards for all, for present and future generations. “We are actively working to promote this,” she said.

Japan: Not a place for a nuclear arms race

Kazuyuki Yamazaki Ambassador and Permanent Representative to Japanurged participants to consider the devastating consequences if a nuclear weapon were to be detonated in outer space, destroying satellites and critical space infrastructure and irreversibly impacting the lives of people around the world. .

Japanese Ambassador Kazuyuki Yamazaki addressed the United Nations General Assembly plenary session about Russia's use of its veto power to override a resolution aimed at banning the introduction of weapons into outer space.

UN Photo/Evan Schneider

Japanese Ambassador Kazuyuki Yamazaki addressed the United Nations General Assembly plenary session about Russia’s use of its veto power to override a resolution aimed at banning the introduction of weapons into outer space.

“The Security Council resolution on Weapons of Mass Destruction in Outer Space, co-authored by the United States and Japan, aims to avert such a nuclear holocaust against humanity.”

He highlighted the broad support for the draft, with 13 votes in favor and 65 co-sponsors.

“Unfortunately, certain permanent members of the Security Council silenced the important message we wanted to send to the peoples of the world today and in the future: that outer space must remain a realm free of weapons of mass destruction. ” he lamented.

He said preventing nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction in outer space “must remain our priority.”

“Outer space should never be the site of a nuclear arms race,” he said.

China: Draft is neither comprehensive nor balanced

Fu Cong, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Chinaemphasized that outer space is “a global commons and embodies the common aspirations of all humanity.”

Chinese Ambassador Hu Kong addressed the United Nations General Assembly plenary session about Russia's use of its veto to override a resolution aimed at banning the introduction of weapons into outer space.

UN Photo/Evan Schneider

Chinese Ambassador Hu Kong addressed the United Nations General Assembly plenary session about Russia’s use of its veto to override a resolution aimed at banning the introduction of weapons into outer space.

“Today’s world is not at peace. The risk of space weaponization is increasing, and the rights of developing countries to access space science and technology are being restricted.”

He said the international community should take measures that benefit all countries.

These include maintaining the peaceful character of outer space, urgently strengthening the international space governance framework, and promoting cooperation and dialogue.

“The draft resolution on space security previously proposed by the United States and Japan is neither comprehensive nor balanced, and China is not in a position to support it,” he said, adding that Russia is not in a position to support it in the Security Council. He added that the new resolution he proposed was more balanced. And comprehensive.

“China supports it.” [Russian] “We look forward to an early agreement among Council members to submit a draft resolution and jointly uphold mutual trust and cooperation between all parties on space issues,” he added.

United States: Transparent and inclusive negotiations

Robert Wood, U.S. Ambassador and Acting Permanent Representativesaid that the debate over Russia’s veto of the draft resolution provides an important opportunity to promote accountability and transparency among all permanent members.

Acting Permanent Representative of the United States Robert A. Wood addressed the United Nations General Assembly plenary session about Russia's use of its veto to override a resolution aimed at keeping weapons out of outer space.

UN Photo/Evan Schneider

Acting Permanent Representative of the United States Robert A. Wood addressed the United Nations General Assembly plenary session about Russia’s use of its veto to override a resolution aimed at keeping weapons out of outer space.

He stressed that the draft resolution aims to confirm the obligations of all States Parties under the 1967 Outer Space Treaty, in particular the prohibition of the installation of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction in outer space.

He also called on UN member states not to develop nuclear weapons specifically designed to be deployed in orbit. This would reduce the risk of nuclear accidents in space and preserve satellites essential for communications, security and sustainable development.

“It should not be at all controversial or difficult for the Security Council to identify clear obligations of states parties under the Outer Space Treaty, nor should it be difficult to require states to work together towards common interests. It shouldn’t be,” he said.

Ambassador Wood noted that the United States and Japan, as penholders, have been cautious, transparent, inclusive, and flexible in their approach to the resolution, and that the text is evolving on a negotiated basis.

He criticized Russia’s new draft resolution on the topic, calling it a “diplomatic charade” that hides “true intentions.”

Citing 2019 weapons tests and continued threats against satellites, he said the reality is that Russia now has multiple conventional anti-satellite weapons in orbit.

“Russia’s actions raise serious questions about its compliance with existing legal obligations under the Outer Space Treaty and raise concerns about what this means for international peace and security,” it added. Ta.

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