China has been connected to the internet for 30 years and has enacted over 150 cyber laws.

The State Council of China said that China has been connected to the Internet for 30 years and has enacted more than 150 laws in the Internet field. In 2023, more than 22,000 cases of false and illegal Internet s were investigated and processed, and more than 20 billion pieces of illegal and irregular information were erased. Scholars believe that China has formed a local area network and the general public does not know which laws are in place.

The State Council Information Office of China held a press conference on Tuesday (18th) and said that in the 30 years since China first gained full access to the Internet, and especially since entering a new era, cyber laws have played a positive role in providing support and guarantees, and provided a powerful impetus for the high-quality development of the economy and society. China has so far formulated and promulgated more than 150 laws in the field of cyberspace, established the “four pillars” of Chinese cyber law, and provided a strong institutional guarantee for the construction of a cyber power.

China, which has enacted over 100 Internet laws, has become a world of local area networks.

In this regard, Zheng, a scholar from Guizhou province, China, said in an interview with Radio Free Asia on Wednesday that over the past 30 years, China’s Internet has become a local area network that is almost isolated from the rest of the world. The government has promulgated all laws and regulations on the Internet, essentially exerting strict control over it. “The purpose of building a firewall is to prevent domestic citizens from enjoying the right to freedom of speech, while at the same time blinding them and preventing them from seeing or hearing information or voices on the international Internet,” he said.

Wang Song, deputy director of the Cyberspace Administration of China, said at a press conference that the government has strengthened the construction of a network law-based supervision system, implemented the entire process of law enforcement supervision, strengthened the coordination between network law enforcement and criminal justice, and implemented the government’s information disclosure requirements. He also said that in recent years, a number of basic laws in the Internet field, such as the Electronic Commerce Law, have been enacted and promulgated to regulate activities such as online live broadcasting, online payment, online travel, and online recruitment.

Internet laws are detailed and comprehensive

Veteran current affairs commentator Cai Shenkun told officials that in the early days of the Internet, the Chinese government had not yet realized the importance of the Internet. Once the authorities realized that the domestic public could learn about the West through the Internet, they enacted laws quickly and frequently. “Today, if you want to know about the outside world in China, you have to go through the firewall. Now, there are many very detailed laws on the health of the Internet, including the normal use of the Internet. Of course, there are too many laws, and the laws do not punish everyone, so they turn a blind eye. If you go through the firewall and do not make critical comments, there is no problem.”

Cai Shenkun said police would be on the scene any time internet users used VPNs to post messages criticizing the Chinese government or leaders. “They will also treat them differently when enforcing the law. China has many laws, more than 100 that target the internet, but ordinary people will rarely know how many laws are in place.”

Peng Xinding, deputy head of the Legal Affairs Department of the State Administration for Market Regulation, said that the “Interim Provisions for Preventing Unfair Competition on the Internet” were also issued in May this year to address issues such as “cashbacks for good reviews,” “data traffic fraud,” and “big data to kill existing customers” by network operators. In 2023, a total of 22,500 cases of false and illegal Internet s of various kinds were investigated and dealt with.

In recent years, more than 20 billion pieces of illegal information have been removed.

Li Changxi, director of the Cyberspace Administration of the Cyberspace Law and Regulation Bureau of China, said that in recent years, more than 40 special operations have been carried out and more than 20 billion pieces of illegal information have been uncovered. In addition, the “Regulations on the Protection of Minors on the Internet” and “Regulations on the Protection of Children’s Personal Information on the Internet” have also been enacted, providing clear provisions for protecting the legitimate rights and interests of minors.

In recent years, China has been moving forward with legislation in the Internet sector, and in March 2020, China’s “Regulations on the Ecological Governance of Network Information Content” and “Internet Information Service Management Measures” (promulgated in 2000, revised in 2011) officially came into effect.

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