Record rise in people displaced by global conflicts and natural disasters — Global Issues

Piper said the current world population figure of 76 million is “They have lost their homes, their livelihoods, their communities and, in some cases, their legal identities.This is due to wars, disasters such as earthquakes, floods, and other weather-related disasters.”

Unlike refugees, internally displaced people (IDPs) do not cross borders, and while some return home relatively quickly, tens of millions remain displaced for prolonged periods of time, ranging from five to 10 years or more.

War and disaster

This long-term evacuation Typically the result of conflict or warMeanwhile, millions more Natural disasters Floods, storms, earthquakes and wildfires are affecting countries around the world.

The latest figures collected by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) The report found that 68.3 million people remain internally displaced due to conflict and violence. An estimated 9.1 million people are displaced within Sudan, the largest number of internally displaced people ever reported.

This is followed by Syria (7.2 million) and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (6.7 million).

In war-torn Gaza, more than eight in 10 people are displaced. 1.9 million civiliansHaiti has seen record numbers of displacement, with 600,000 people forced from their homes, double the number from last year.

Meanwhile, Myanmar’s civil war has left most of its 3 million internally displaced people without adequate shelter or access to food and water, according to UN independent expert Paula Betancourt.

Human rights violations drive displacement

deal with Human Rights Council Speaking in Geneva on Friday, Bettencourt said a lack of accountability for human rights violations was a major cause of displacement. Human Rights CouncilMember States called for recognizing the “individual stories of loss, resilience and hope” behind the record numbers of displaced people.

Long-term solutions needed

UN humanitarian teams helped 50 million internally displaced people last year, but Piper said more needed to be done to create sustainable solutions.

UN Secretary-General’s Plan of Action on Internal Displacement It aims to break these long-standing patterns of displacement, create durable solutions, more effectively prevent new displacement crises from occurring, and ensure that people facing displacement receive effective protection and support.

The agenda sets out 31 specific commitments and has been signed by 22 UN agencies.

Piper also called on member states to mobilize the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees) and the International Organization for Migration (International Organization for Migration).

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