Opinion – PM Modi’s strategic visit to Moscow

“On hearing the word Russia, the first word that comes to the mind of every Indian is India’s companion in happiness and sorrow.” Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi Explained India-Russia relations. PM Modi’s visit to Russia will begin on July 8, 2024, when he arrives in Moscow. attend The 22nd India-Russia Annual Summit. During the visit, Prime Minister Modi aimed to promote peace and strengthen bilateral ties. signature It consists of nine agreements covering various fields such as defense, energy and trade, highlighting the multifaceted cooperation between the two countries.

PM Modi’s choice of Russia as the destination for his first bilateral visit, rather than a neighbouring country, is a departure from tradition. This marks a shift in India’s diplomatic approach and reflects a change in style and methods on the Indian side. In terms of message and timing, PM Modi’s visit to Russia is significant. Notably, the visit comes amid the ongoing war between Russia and Ukraine, in which India maintains a neutral stance. India abstained from UN resolutions condemning Russia’s actions, but has called on Russia to end the war. During his meeting with President Putin, PM Modi made it clear that: that “There are no solutions on the battlefield,” he said, calling for an end to the war through diplomacy.

The timing of the visit comes on the heels of his attendance at the G7 summit in Italy. Engaged He met with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky and other leaders during a visit that coincided with a visit to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). meeting PM Modi’s visit to Washington DC to mark 75 years of the alliance CriticizedThe Ukrainian president in particular called it “very disappointing.” The Indian prime minister must be aware that his decision to meet Putin now is not going to please Western leaders, especially given the ongoing NATO summit. The Kremlin was quick to point this out, suggesting that “the West is jealous.” Jealous or not, there is no doubt that the West, especially the United States, will be closely watching this visit.

Prime Minister Modi also Criticism Criticizing the current “influence-driven world order”, he asserted India’s role in the emerging multipolar world. He asserted that today’s world needs “integration rather than influence” and stressed the need for a cooperative approach rather than exerting dominance.

The visit underlines that Russia remains an important partner and friend to India. It dispels speculation that India-Russia ties are weakening as India becomes less dependent on Russia and strengthens its ties with the US and the West. Though India has grown closer to the US in recent years, India-Russia relations remain a “special and privileged strategic partnership”. This dynamic reflects India’s deft management of its ties with both the US and Russia, as well as India’s strategic autonomy. It signals that India will continue to deepen its ties with the West, but not at the cost of choosing sides.

The ties between India and Russia are historical, but they are not merely emotional or ceremonial. In the current geopolitical climate where Russia is deepening its ties with China, India is “Unlimited” Partnership. The recent meeting between President Putin and President Xi Jinping characterized the bilateral relations as the “best period in history” and underscored the importance of Russia-China friendship for India. India is keen to ensure that Beijing does not become a factor in undermining its relations with Russia. India hopes that it can leverage Russian influence along with its borders in case of Chinese adventurism, as Russia is a key geopolitical hedge for India in the current world order. Thus, the “China factor” has been a major driver for India to work closely and cooperate with Russia. Conversely, relations with India provide Russia with strategic maneuverability. Russia is aware that an increased dependency on China may not be in line with its broader interests, making maintaining a strong relationship with India a key element of its foreign policy.

“India’s ability to maintain relationships with the West and Russia while pursuing its own interests in a rapidly changing global context is a testament to its strategic self-reliance and multilateral approach. By negotiating with Putin, Modi is making it clear that Russia remains a priority for India and that the partnership is unlikely to change in the near future.”

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